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An Introduction to Chemical Thermodynamics

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G.J.M. Koper

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An introduction to Chemical Thermodynamics This book is aimed at students in the fields of molecular or life science and technology. It introduces thermodynamics as a predictive tool and discusses the spontaneity of chemical reactions and the power that can be obtained from fuel cells. The emphasis of the first part is on applications of the Second Law of Thermodynamics on (bio)chemical processes and the Gibbs energy is introduced as the predictive quantity. The First Law of Thermodynamics is introduced merely to manage the energy resources. The last chapter of the first part deals with the efficiency of processes where the role of entropy is discovered. The second part is devoted to chemical and physical equilibria. The various relations that exist for equilibria are exposed as universally related to the Gibbs energy. Ideal mixing relations and ideal solution relations are constantly being used as a simplified approach to the real situation. In the last chapter of this part, the deviations from ideality are assessed and the magnitude of the fugacity and activity coefficients is critically discussed. The book is also aimed at chemical engineering students. These need to know more about processes and their efficiencies. Therefore the third part of the book is devoted to distributed processes. In the first chapter some important aspects of formal thermodynamics are discussed, in particular the role of entropy to identify equilibrium and stability. The second chapter of this part continues this discussion and introduces the concept of internal entropy production. To discuss these two issues, systems are subdivided into two parts that are not necessarily in equilibrium: the system is inhomogeneous. The last chapter of this part explains how fully inhomogeneous and flowing systems can be dealt with and how entropy production can be managed. The fourth - and new - part of the book contains applications to macromolecular systems where solution properties, binding phenomena and membranes are discussed. This part has been added to provide material for a more advanced course. The topics dealt with in these chapters are relatively modern and appropriate references to the relevant literature are made. The author has tried to present this material from a few unifying concepts so as to demonstrate the analogy between the various treatments in the current literature. Also, the relation to colloid science - even though dealing more with particles than with macromolecules - is discussed. Contents Preface Part I - Processes in Chemistry and Biochemistry 1 Overview 2 Spontaneity of processes 3 Available work 4 Energy conservation 5 Efficiency and entropy Part II - Chemical and Physical Equilibria 6 General aspects of equilibria 7 Phase equilibria of pure substances 8 Capillary phenomena and adsorption 9 Phase equilibria of mixtures 10 Mixtures and colligative properties 11 Non-ideal mixtures Part III - Distributed Processes 12 Fundamentals of chemical thermodynamics 13 Irreversible processes 14 Flow processes Part IV - Macromolecular Systems 15 Macromolecular solutions 16 Macromolecular binding equilibria 17 Membranes Index http://www.delftacademicpress.nl/d008.php
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G.J.M. Koper
BoekenEngelse boekenStudieboekenTechniek(Bio)chemische techniek
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