Tomb 26 on Sai Island

1 - 2 Weken

Building on the experience of twenty-five years of fieldwork and archaeozoological analyses carried out during research projects in various regions of northern France, this book examines animal husbandry and hunting practices over the 5000 year period from the first sedentary groups to the more evolved societies, corresponding to the Neolithic, Bronze and Iron Age. This approach is based on the processing of a very large amount of data, from sources as varied as settlements, assembly places, cemeteries and other distinctive sites. The study looks in detail at domestic consumption in houses, villages and enclosures, as well as addressing feasting, ceremonial deposition and the role of animals in the funerary sphere. Intra-site and inter-site spatial analysis of a portion of the data has also been one of the keys to gaining certain levels of understanding and interpretation of the societies in question. By examining the evidence at different spatial scales, from site to territorial level, a picture can be outlined of the probable social mechanisms at work. This approach highlights the changing complexity of practices involving people and animals. This book offers a contribution to the broad field of research into how people interact with their natural, cultural and social environments. Content: 1 Chrono-cultural background 1.1 The Neolithic 1.2 Bronze Age 1.3 Iron Age 2 Domestic consumption on habitation sites: houses, villages, enclosures, un-enclosed settlements 2.1 The Neolithic 2.1.1 The Early Neolithic Villages: rules and variations Cooking and eating within the home Forests, rivers and pastures: the natural resources The siting of the house within the village An overview of the variation in species during the RFBS and BVSG Comparisons with LBK sites elsewhere in Europe 2.1.2 The Middle Neolithic The various types of settlements The Middle Neolithic I The Middle Neolithic II 2.1.3 The Late Neolithic An imbalance in favour of funerary contexts Different types of occupation 2.1.4 The Final Neolithic Fresh settlement evidence Faunal remains from settlement sites 2.2 The Metal Ages 2.2.1 The Bronze Age Production and consumption on farmstead sites Production and consumption on large sites in upland areas and plains 2.2.2 The Iron Age Consumption of animals on Late Hallstatt/Early La Tène farms (530-325 BCE) The fauna of Middle La Tène farms The fauna of Late La Tène farms and oppida (180-20 BCE) 3 Collective meals 3.1 The Neolithic 3.1.1 Self-sufficiency and sharing between households in the Early Neolithic 3.1.2 Middle Neolithic enclosures as places of assembly The Middle Neolithic I The Middle Neolithic II 3.1.3 The Late Neolithic 3.1.4 The Final Neolithic 3.2 The Bronze Age and Iron Age 3.2.1 Exceptional consumption: sheep bones in silos 3.2.2 Collective meals from the Bronze Age (Hallstatt A and C) to the Late La Tène (La Tène C2/D2) Fauna from high status Bronze Age enclosure sites Fauna from high status Iron Age sites Evidence for collective meals in the La Tène D2b 4 Cultural manifestations 4.1 Deposits containing entire animals, or animal parts, in “domestic” contexts 4.2 The Neolithic 4.2.1 The Early Neolithic A ceremonial enclosure Object-Signs 4.2.2 The Middle Neolithic Turtle shells A monumental building Deposits in enclosures Amulets Burnt bones 4.2.3 The Late Neolithic Wild animals in deep pits Wild horse 4.3 Bronze Age and Iron Age 4.3.1 Simple deposits The deposition of dog at Ifs 4.3.2 Complex deposits Combined deposition of humans and animals in settlements contexts 4.4 Animal deposits in Y- and W-shaped pits: The Neolithic and Bronze Age 5 The animal in the funerary realm 5.1 The Neolithic 5.1.1 The Early Neolithic Burial

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